AP Gov't Ch 10. present on the floor whenever the Senate conducts business. Congress holds public hearings, exercises oversight over the bureaucracy, or engages in committee and floor debate on such major issues and topics as political assassinations, aging, illegal drugs, and the concerns of small businesses. You just finished Chapter 11: Congress. 100% Free AP Test Prep website that offers study material to high school students seeking to prepare for AP exams. Definition: Party regulars who attend the national nominating conventions and choose the presidential nominee. That's easy — it's the best way to study for AP classes and AP exams! Vote definition is - to cast or conduct a vote. entitlement - A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. faction: Definition. After debate, the House votes on adopting the special rule. See more. Study free AP Comparative Gov. Following the announcement of approval by the Speaker, any Member may put the question of approval to a vote. Definition: Holding a political office for which one is running, Definition: states that change "their party". Definition: Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections. Definition: The boost that candidates may get in an election because of the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. How to use vote in a sentence. In the United States Senate, a hold is a parliamentary procedure permitted by the Standing Rules of the United States Senate which allows one or more Senators to prevent a motion from reaching a vote on the Senate floor.. Definition: The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population. But before the bill is voted on there is a time when the bill can be debated in chamber. Res.," simple resolutions are used to express nonbinding positions of the Senate or to deal with the Senate's internal affairs, such as the creation of a special committee. AP Gov Ch. . The bill then goes on the docket to be debated by the whole chamber. Senate floor votes are compiled through the Senate Legislative Information System by the Senate Bill Clerk under the direction of the Secretary of the Senate. Definition: when the citizens of a state vote to remove and official from office before the end their term, Definition: the tendency of states to choose an early date on the nomination calendar. During floor action, members voting on bill must follow specific rules. a means of bringing a bill out of committee and to the floor for consideration without a report from a Committee and usually without cooperation of the leadership. Definition: The proportion of the voting age public that votes, sometimes defined as the number of registered voters that vote. State legislatures reapportion state legislative districts. Brown (1954) Definition. Reapportionment – The assigning by Congress of congressional seats after each census. These votes are referred to as Yea/Nay votes or recorded votes, and are available in House Votes by bill number, roll call vote number or words describing the reason for the vote. Trustee – An official who is expected to vote independently based on his or her judgment of the circumstances; one interpretation of the role of the legislator. Majority leader – The legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders, and tries to keep members of the party in line. simple resolution glossary term. Description. It is unusual for as many as 51 Senators to be present on the floor at the same time unless a roll call vote is in progress. They do not require action by the House of Representatives. Details. Pocket veto – A veto exercised by the president after Congress has adjourned; if the president takes no action for 10 days, the bill does not become law and does not return to Congress for possible override. Term Easley v. also decide what issues will come up for discussion Definition: when the citizens of a state vote to remove and official from office before the end their term Significance: Recall elections are important because it allows the people to get what they want. Term. See more. Cloture definition is - the closing or limitation of debate in a legislative body especially by calling for a vote. Definition: an official order or commission to do something. simple resolution - Designated "S. Unlimited and undisclosed spending by an individual or group of communications that do not use the words like "vote for" or "vote against," although much of this activity is actually about electing or defeating candidates. ... Cards Return to Set Details. Our AP study guides, practice tests, and notes are the best on the web because they're contributed by students and teachers like yourself. These formal rules are an established function of the speaker, outlining the legislative process and also setting parameters for general debate. How to use cloture in a sentence. Constituents – The residents of a congressional district or state. Person who introduces the bill to the floor for debate and voting; usually a member of the committee that the bill comes from Floor Debate Discussion of the bill, controlled by the speaker op the house Redistricting – The redrawing of congressional and other legislative district lines following the census, to accommodate population shifts and keep districts as equal as possible in population. Safe seat – An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party’s candidate is almost taken for granted. Anybody who is chosen in a ballot can bring a bill to a floor vote in a Westminster system, so there is no need for a discharge petition to exist. A conference committee is a joint committee of the United States Congress appointed by the House of Representatives and Senate to resolve disagreements on a particular bill. Bicameralism – The principle of a two-house legislature. Closed rule – A procedural rule in the House of Representatives that prohibits any amendments to bills or provides that only members of the committee reporting the bill may offer amendments. Chapter 4: Political Culture and Ideology, Chapter 5: The American Political Landscape, Chapter 8: Public Opinion, Participation, And Voting, Chapter 10: The Media and American Politics, Chapter 13: The Federal Administrative System, Chapter 16: Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property, Chapter 18: Making Economic and Regulatory Policy, Chapter 20: Making Foreign and Defense Policy. Enterprising students use this website to learn AP class material, study for class quizzes and tests, and to brush up on course material before the big exam day. The committee meeting held to review the text of a bill before reporting it to the floor. [15] are reserved for the opposition agenda, under the control of the Leader of the Opposition and other opposition parties. Title. entitlement glossary term. This is called the floor debate. Logrolling – Mutual aid and vote trading among legislators. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Roll Call Votes by the U.S. Congress. It takes place on the floor of the chamber (House, Senate) and all of the members can discuss/argue the merits of the bill before the vote. StudyNotes offers fast, free study tools for AP students. Aboukhadijeh, Feross. Definition: a candidate is someone running for office against people of their party, a nominee is against people of the opposing party. In this situation, the House typically will consider the bill in a procedural setting called the Committee of the Whole , which allows members an efficient way to consider and vote on amendments. AP Gov't Ch 10; Shared Flashcard Set. Definition: A primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote. In a committee meeting, each member’s name is called and the vote is recorded in the minutes of the meeting. Override – An action taken by Congress to reverse the presidential veto, requiring a two-thirds majority in each chamber. Definition: Day when several states hold their presidential primaries (usually the second Tuesday in March), Definition: Political Action Committee is a type of organization that pools campaign contributions from members and donates funds to to campaign for or against candidates, Definition: Federal Election Commission is an independent regulatory agency that discloses campaign finance information, Definition: basing voting decisions on well-informed opinions and consideration of the future consequences of a given vote, Definition: voting based on the past performance of a candidate, Definition: Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude. Gerrymandering – The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent. 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