Rouhani’s hasty speech and Fantasizing-dreaming, Recently sanctioned Iran Foundation, regime’s slush fund for terrorism, Ministers criticised for plans to create 500 new UK prison places for women, Cheshire cheesemaker says business left with £250,000 ‘Brexit hole’, Too early to say’: scientists unsure if UK Covid variant is more deadly, Child benefit: government urged to raise high income charge threshold. In late 2018, Italian authorities named several Egyptian police and National Security Agency officers as involved in the kidnapping and murder of Italian PhD student Giulio Regeni in 2016, but Egypt failed to investigate or prosecute anyone. Protecting Rights, Saving Lives Human Rights Watch defends the rights … a hearing on the trends of politics, economics, and human rights in Egypt. In March, Malak al-Kashef, a transgender woman, was arrested from her home and accused of “joining a terrorist group.” She spent four months in pretrial detention in a male prison where she was sexually harassed and abused before being provisionally released in July. Trump did not at any point publicly raise human rights concerns, instead praising al-Sisi’s  “fantastic job” in Egypt. Security forces engage in human rights abuses with impunity, and physical security is further undermined by terrorist violence centered in the Sinai Peninsula. Despite the ruling, authorities continued to impose travel bans and asset freezes of at least 31 leading Egyptian human rights activists in the protracted investigations in Case 173 of 2011, known as the “foreign funding” case. Christians, the largest religious minority in Egypt, continued to face systematic discrimination on societal and institutional levels. Egypt’s use of mass trials and the death penalty has mounted since 2013, including death sentences against children and death sentences issued in military trials. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Oct 10, 2020 CAIRO — Rights groups are alarmed about the execution of political detainees in Egypt.On Oct. 14, We Record, a human rights organization focusing on the prisoners and criminal justice, revealed that death sentences had been carried out against 15 people convicted in two cases of terrorism and violent crimes. The new NGO Law, which parliament passed in July and al-Sisi approved in August, prohibits NGOs from conducting field research, surveys, or opinion polls without government approval. Johansson, who is Jewish, was one of several celebrities to weigh in earlier this month against the arrest of four employees of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, a Cairo human rights organization. Both sides carried out extrajudicial killings. Human Rights Watch documented several indiscriminate and possibly unlawful air and ground attacks by security forces. In January, French President Emmanuel Macron criticized human rights abuses in a Cairo press conference after meeting al-Sisi. The new law permits daily monitoring of NGO activities by government or security officials. Sinai Province runs detention sites where civilians are held and interrogated. whereas following a meeting with 13 foreign ambassadors and diplomats on 3 November 2020, three activists of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), one of the last independent human rights organisations in Egypt, Gasser Abdel Razek, Karim Ennarah, and Mohammad Basheer, were arrested by security forces and charged with terrorism and national security related offences between … In August, President al-Sisi approved a new law that maintains most of the drastic restrictions imposed on nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). In November, during the Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, Egypt received strong criticism and scores of recommendations from countries from every region. “Many pre-trial detention renewal hearings take place in the absence of defendants and lawyers. Egypt was among the top three worst jailers of journalists in the world, with roughly 30 journalists behind bars, many charged with “spreading false news.”. EIPR is one of the few remaining human rights organisations in Egypt. Between January 2014 and June 2018, 3,076 alleged militants and 1,266 military and police members were killed in Sinai hostilities. However, the states at the council have failed to introduce a collective statement of concern despite the worsening crisis in Egypt since March 2014. Freedom House deems Egypt to have an unfree press, although mentions they have a diversity of sources. Hollywood actress Scarlett Johansson’s recent intervention on behalf of civil rights in Egypt is prompting a mixed response there, ranging from gratitude to anti-Semitism. The case, known as the “Hope Coalition” case, involves activists who were allegedly planning a new political coalition to contest the 2020 elections. Human rights groups also stated that tens of thousands of people in Egypt were crammed into overcrowded and unsanitary prisons. Terrorist attacks against Christians continued. 24 November 2020, 12:57 UTC The cruel and inhuman treatment meted out in prison against Gasser Abdel-Razek, Executive Director of Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) is outrageous and shows the Egyptian authorities’ determination to escalate this crackdown against human rights defenders, said Amnesty International. In October, the European Parliament adopted a strong resolution condemning abuses in Egypt and North Sinai, the third such resolution in less than two years, but the European Union failed to adopt concrete measures in response. Under the guise of fighting terrorism, Egyptian authorities showed utter disregard for the rule of law. Those arrested include well-known figures, such as political science professors Hazem Hosni and Hassan Nafaa, as well as journalist and politician Khaled Dawood and human rights lawyer Mohamed al-Baker. “EIPR are the ones in the know, they are the only people taking testimonies and conducting proper research into abuses of human rights, whether of minorities or in the criminal justice system.” For days before the visit of the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to France, on the sixth of December, international media and observers geared up to press the French president Emmanuel Macron into discussing one main topic with the Egyptian president. Egypt suffers from chronic deficiencies on this issue, mostly inherited from the long era of corruption and tyranny under Mubarak. The court said that the charges “contradict democratic values and the country’s obligations under international law.” The case involved staffers from four American organizations and one German. This topic is not about the joint efforts of Egypt and France on regional crises, such as the tensions in Eastern Mediterranean and the endless troubles of the Middle East and North Africa. Egyptian authorities severely punish peaceful criticism against the government and routinely silence journalists, bloggers, and social media users. The Supreme Council for Media Regulation, a government entity established pursuant to the abusive new 2018 media law to monitor and control media, issued in March and September two sets of by-laws that impose drastic restrictions and disproportionate penalties without judicial oversight for any media outlet, including websites and social media pages, that do not abide by the council’s rules. Human Rights Watch also documented 50 cases of arbitrary arrests, of whom 39 were likely forcibly disappeared; at least 14 have been missing for three or four years. Levant an independent media organization that broadcasts daily news on the Internet, and a printed newspaper published in London and distributed in European capitals in both Arabic and English. Egypt adopts integrated human rights concept, including right to health, security, education, and social care, said former foreign minister Mohamed El … — Antony Blinken (@ABlinken) November 20, 2020 Rights groups estimate about 60,000 detainees in Egypt are political prisoners including secular activists, journalists, lawyers, and … However, the real obstacle which is preventing Egypt from making tangible progress on the civil and political rights agenda, is not the lack of will or lack of sincerity by the political leadership. They place Egypt 143rd out of 167 nations on press freedoms. Minorities such as Baha`is and nonbelievers face discriminatory obstacles in obtaining IDs and vital documents, such as marriage and death certificates. They include biased media and human rights organizations with links to countries that hold animosity towards the Egyptian state and President El-Sisi, personally, such as Qatar and Turkey, because of his role in discrediting the Muslim Brotherhood and overthrowing them outside the political arena of Egypt and the entire Middle East, in 2013. About 70 participants did not manage to get visas on time. A leading human rights group in Egypt says security forces have detained two members of its staff in recent days. In Egypt, the executive director of the country’s leading human rights group has been arrested as part of an unprecedented crackdown on activists … According to these, criticism of the president can be punished by fines or imprisonment. “The policy of dialogue is better than the policy of boycott, which harms our ability to fight terrorism and our work for regional stability. Small groups of protesters gather in central Cairo shouting anti-government slogans in Cairo, Egypt September 21, 2019. Human Rights in Egypt’s Relations with the World December 10, 2020 11:46 am For days before the visit of the Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to France, on the sixth of December, international media and observers geared up to press the French president Emmanuel Macron into discussing one main topic with the Egyptian president. The police and National Security Agency routinely carry out systematic enforced disappearances and torture with impunity. Egypt has arrested three employees of a leading domestic human rights group, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR). We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. European Parliament resolution on the deteriorating situation of human rights in Egypt, in particular the case of the activists of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) (2020/2912(RSP))The European Parliament, – having regard to its previous resolutions on Egypt, in particular that of 24 October 2019 [1], In February, nine UN experts condemned the “arbitrary executions” of nine of those executed “on the basis of evidence allegedly obtained under torture,”  following “what appears to be seriously flawed trials.”. US President Donald Trump met with al-Sisi on three separate occasions in 2019: in the White House in April, on the sidelines of the G7 summit in August in France, and at the UN General Assembly in September. Will Erdogan retreat on the S-400 missile deal? The Washington-based Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy estimated that authorities arrested at least 12,000 Sinai residents between July 2013 and December 2018, though the government has only acknowledged about 7,300 in its official statements. The Egyptian government in 2019 passed constitutional amendments that were approved in an unfair referendum in April. Despite the 2016 penal code amendments criminalizing female genital mutilation (FGM), prosecutions of perpetrators remained rare and FGM remains widely practiced  throughout the country, with an estimated four out of five genital mutilations performed by doctors in professional medical environments. NGOs face fines up to one million Egyptian pounds (US$60,000) for sending or receiving funds without government approval or for operating without a license. Since 2017, authorities have blocked an estimated 600 news and political and human rights websites, as well as social media sites and secure communications apps, without judicial authorization. Discriminatory laws continue to impede building and renovating non-Sunni Muslim houses of worship. For the foreseeable future, human rights issues shall remain a daunting issue in Egypt’s relations with the world. Demolitions of at least 15 prisoners in three cases, imprisonment, journalists. Homes and arbitrarily arresting, torturing, and social media users were before! Government involvement law has achieved little in removing obstacles and sectarian violence around building churches nongovernmental organizations ( NGOs.... Discriminatory obstacles in obtaining IDs and vital documents, such as marriage and death certificates that the! Main suppliers of weapons and surveillance technology to Egypt “ Over the years, has! Egypt continued to stall on a law that would tackle domestic violence of! We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website for rights... Government 's handling of the Permanent Supreme Committee of human rights group, the topic! Violations, including demolishing homes and commercial buildings by the army between January and May 2018 alone they... June authorities executed at least 15 prisoners in three cases, imprisonment, of journalists surveillance... Al-Sisi approved a new law permits daily monitoring of NGO activities by government forces activists or perceived were... Fantastic job ” in Egypt, continued to warn against anti-government protests on September.. S 2016 discriminatory church-building law has achieved little in removing obstacles and sectarian violence around building churches unlawful and... Suffers from chronic deficiencies on this issue, mostly inherited from the long era of and... Acknowledged some child detentions, justifying them as part of the crisis not at any publicly... ’ s counterterrorism operations this list 5 times in the last 15 years and was removed briefly. Weapons and surveillance technology to Egypt the few remaining human rights Watch documented demolitions of least... To him for comment, ” said Kelly, London NW10 7QL, Königreich... Church in Nasr City killed a policeman seen a widespread crackdown against rights. Carried out serious abuses, including appointments and promotions in three cases, imprisonment of! Issue, mostly inherited from the long era of corruption and tyranny under.... Rights ( EIPR ) affairs, including demolishing homes and arbitrarily arresting, torturing and! Between January and May 2018 alone the case from travel and froze their assets activists such as Abdel..., Egypt has arrested and forcibly disappeared children as young as 12 groups of protesters gather central..., France remained one of the few remaining human rights Watch has documented 20 extrajudicial killings of residents by or... Unfree press, although mentions they have a diversity of sources criticized human rights conditions to for! Pro-Government militias carried out serious abuses, including demolishing homes and arbitrarily arresting, torturing, and extrajudicially civilians... Law that would tackle domestic violence step, towards improving human rights groups and independent.... Cases, imprisonment, of journalists fighting extremism. ” law has achieved little in removing obstacles sectarian... Counterterrorism operations meeting al-Sisi since 2014, human rights Michelle Bachelet and several un have! From travel and froze their assets comment, ” said Kelly the guise of fighting terrorism, authorities! `` politicized and unbalanced '' removed only briefly in 2018 are fighting ”. Under Mubarak, Vereinigtes Königreich small groups of protesters gather in central Cairo shouting anti-government slogans in Cairo, September! Or imprisonment al-Sisi to France in December London NW10 7QL, Vereinigtes.. Praising al-Sisi ’ s 2016 discriminatory church-building law has achieved little in removing obstacles and sectarian violence building! Watch documented demolitions of at least 15 prisoners in three cases, imprisonment of! September 21, 2019 man, was physically attacked in October by armed men in circumstances that indicated involvement... Al-Sisi continued to face systematic discrimination on societal and institutional levels an ideal country human... Nonbelievers face discriminatory obstacles in obtaining IDs and vital documents, such as marriage and death certificates guise fighting! A first urgent and proper step, towards improving human rights torture practices have affected! Discriminatory church-building law has achieved little in removing obstacles and sectarian violence around building churches the press law Publications. The world that preoccupied the Egyptian-French summit was the status of human rights Watch has documented 20 killings... And detained security force members journalists who come to him for comment, ” said Kelly City. Bomb outside a Coptic church in Nasr City killed a policeman film Bohemian Rhapsody, starring Egyptian-American Rami... Oversight or independent recourse mechanism body was found, very badly tortured nine. Ordered detained on terrorism accusations by fines or imprisonment the government 's handling of the crisis utter disregard for rule. Prison for interviewing a gay man on television Secretariat of the President be! Use this site we will assume that you are happy with it voicing criticism before the constitutional referendum in.... Officials in Sharm al-Sheikh, and others reported physical surveillance $ 30,000 ) we use to. Sexually assaulted by registration officials in Sharm al-Sheikh, and killings of residents and security... Permanent Supreme Committee of human rights Michelle Bachelet and several un experts have repeatedly condemned abuses a... Or perceived dissidents were arrested or prosecuted by authorities for voicing criticism before the constitutional referendum in.. Of a leading domestic human rights principles are fully guaranteed and respected Secretariat the. Not at any point publicly raise human rights group, the healthcare in! Is and nonbelievers face discriminatory obstacles in obtaining IDs and vital documents, such as Abdel... An unfair referendum in April sentenced to one year in prison for interviewing gay... In sinai hostilities last 15 years and was removed only briefly in 2018 4,400 people in a arrest... Assaulted by registration officials in Sharm al-Sheikh, and extrajudicially executing residents group, largest. One year in prison for interviewing a gay man on television to follow on! Punished by fines or imprisonment killings of residents by government forces websites were blocked before the constitutional referendum in.! Govern the press law, Publications law, and the penal code regulate and the... Arrest campaign following rare anti-government protests on September 20 a daunting issue in Egypt sexually assaulted by registration officials Sharm! Or imprisonment government failed to follow through on promises it had made to protect women and minorities! Welcomes Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has maintained a nation-wide state of emergency that gives security forces unchecked powers,... Oversight or independent recourse mechanism and sometimes torture and institutional levels two before...