The water temperature at the springs is usually below 10 °C (50 °F). Usually, the lakes are frozen during December and January.[18]. According to a legend, the lake was named after a shepherd called Mile who drowned in it, or after the miller Mile Perišić who owned a mill at the lake. To be more precise, it lays between Mala Kapela and Lička Plješivica mountain ranges. Under Julius Caesar the region was incorporated as the province of Illyricum into the Roman Empire. During the 1960s, a modern road connection to the Plitvice Lakes was constructed, which led to increasing traffic volumes. Calcium carbonate is secreted in the form of microcrystals that are deposited, eventually creating tufa sediments (CaCO3). These sediments are the results of century-old sedimentation processes. It is thus not a static phenomenon occurring at only single places. According to a legend, a roma (gypsy) drowned in this lake while fishing. This little river flows into the Plitvice Lakes at the lower and final part of the lakes. View the largest offer with photos, unbiased reviews and best price guarantee. Located in Central Croatia, the Plitvice Lakes are known for its sixteen terraced lakes, limestone canyons, eighty-foot waterfall, and endless hiking trails. Croatia has started to rise in popularity as a travel destination, and was in 2016 the 12th most visited country in Europe.One of the components of Croatia’s appeal is its National Parks, which are all extremely beautiful. Despite the vicinity to the Mediterranean climatic region, a moderate mountainous climate prevails at the Plitvice Lakes. A boat will whisk you from here to the lower lakes, where the circuit culminates in the aptly named Veliki Slap, the tallest waterfall in Croatia (78m). Plitvice Lakes National Park is located in the central part of Croatia and covers an expanse of almost 30,000 hectares. In addition to the native Croats already inhabiting the region and serving in the Austrian military, many central Europeans migrated to the region as did Serb Orthodox refugees fleeing Ottoman repression, who were given refuge in the abandoned areas in exchange for military service. best. The moss becomes encrusted with travertine and fresh moss grows further out. The Legend of the Black Queen, the legend on "prošnja" (praying the black Queen for water) says that the inhabitants of this region were craving for water and thus called upon the magic queen to help them, which she did. Your Travel Videos - WHAT TO SEE in Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia (2 min Europe Collection) Examples of some animals found in the national park: While other nature protection areas are located far away from any interference by man, the Plitvice Lakes have permanently been exposed to human influence in the course of history. Generally, the following could be said: The colder the water, the higher the quantity of dissolved calcium hydrogencarbonate. Within the national park continuous scientific research projects are being carried out. Scientists have so far identified 1,267 different types of plants belonging to the 109 species so far recorded in the area of the national park. Within the rivers and lakes, the water temperature rises up to 20 °C (68 °F). The Plitvice Lakes are surrounded by various mountains. The park was held by local Serb rebels backed by Slobodan Milošević and the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) as part of the self-proclaimed "Republic of Serbian Krajina" during the conflict and suffered some damage in the process, with hotels and other facilities being used as barracks. As soon as you start planning a trip to Plitvice Lakes National Park you’ll realize just how large the national park is and how different the experience can be at different times of the year. In summer, the park is lush with greenery. The lakes and waterfalls are amazing in their own right, but what is even more amazing are the walkways that have been constructed so that you get the best possible view of all the natural wonders there. They are separated by natural dams of travertine, which is deposited by the action of moss, algae, and bacteria. The national park became famous during the 1960s and 1970s through several Western film productions of Karl May novels. Dolomite rock is slightly harder than limestone. Franić, D. (1910) Plitvička jezera i njihova okolica, Zagreb, Tisak kraljevske zemaljske tiskare, Meridijani, 3/2002, 30. This admission ticket offers full access to the park’s hiking trails and boardwalks, so you can explore the natural wonders at your own pace. Up to now, little has been known about these unexplored courses. Plitvicka Jezera (Plitvice Lakes) is Croatia’s well known national park. Altogether they form the Plitvice Lakes municipality (Croatian općina Plitvička Jezera). The complex processes of dissolution and sedimentation of limestone require specific climatic preconditions. Within the boundaries of this heavily forested national park, 16 crystalline lakes tumble into each other via a series of waterfalls and cascades. They secrete mucus to which the first microcrystals of calcite adhere. During the summer months of July and August, the temperature rises to 17.4 °C (63 °F). [19], Apart from weather and temperature factors, the water quality and other natural factors are significant for the creation of these natural phenomena, prevailing at the Plitvice Lakes. Especially after strong rains the walkways are sometimes partially submerged. September 2010: The penalty for bathing in the lakes was about 70 euros in 2010", NP Plitvička jezera, Endemske vrste (Prof. dr. sc. The large difference in altitude in a narrow space between the mountains in the south and the Korana river in the north also represents a significant criterion for biodiversity in this region. The water becomes significantly mineralized, super-saturated with calcium and magnesium-hydrogencarbonate.[20]. For centuries, legends have been created about this mythic mountain range. In January, the average temperature is 2.2 °C (36 °F). (ed.) Plitvice Lakes National Park is one of Croatia’s most popular tourist attractions and was granted UNESCO World Heritage status in 1979. The river Plitvica reaches the Plitvice lake chain at the northern end via the Large Waterfall. Overview. The Ottomans advanced far into Western lands up to Croatia and Hungary. In medieval times, frequent attacks by Mongols posed a permanent threat to the settled population. tel: +385 (0)53 751 015, +385 (0)53 751 014 | e-mail: info@np-plitvicka-jezera.hr. During the following decades, preservation efforts reached a deadlock. It is situated in the area full of mountains. Nedeljka Šegulja), Plitvice Lakes National Park, Čorkova uvala Virgin Forest (Prof. dr. sc. No reservation costs. [30], Due to the spreading growth of vegetation at the barriers, allochthonous (species that originate elsewhere and do not belong to this ecosystem) fish species spread quickly and thus endanger autochthonous trout species. Šafarek, G. Plitvička jezera - 16 srebrnih stepenica, Gušić, B. Since the water forms larger surfaces at these places, increased quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2) are released. level 1. We spent a day at Plitvice Lakes National Park, which was the main reason we chose Croatia for a week-long vacation. The farmers used stakes (Croatian. On average, the annual precipitation rate at the Plitvice Lakes is 1,500 mm (59.06 in). [29], As regards bird species, the Plitvice Lakes rank third among the Croatian national parks for diversity. What are those lakes and why should I even bother going to Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia? Upper Lakes are closed from 29th of November 2020, during winter time. Read the Guide for Croatian national and nature parks Location of Plitvice Lakes National Park in Croatia. The highest waterfalls are the Large Waterfall (kroat. The protected area extends over 296.85 square kilometres (73,350 acres). With regard to other similar phenomena in the world, at Plitvice Lakes the sedimentation of chalk and the formation of tufa happens dynamically all along the watercourse and in various forms (fluviatile sedimentation). The Plitvice Lakes National Park is certainly one of Croatia’s natural gems and a magnet for tourists throughout the whole year. Srećko Božičević, "Logo Science Magazine, Author: Dr. Alexander Stahr", "Sedra Plitvičkih jezera, K. Kovač (zit. After traversing the Velebit mountain range travelers reach the Croatian karst plains of Lika. During the war from 1991 until 1995, many buildings in the national park were destroyed or burnt down. Examples of endemic plants to be found in the national park: The great plant diversity creates a fascinating interplay of colours that change with the seasons. Plitvice Lakes in Croatia is one of the world's great natural wonders, a lush and pristine valley with 16 dazzling terraced lakes, 90 waterfalls and several kilometres of boardwalk. Last thoughts on the Plitvice Lakes National Park. These activities used to be accompanied by drinks and dances, particularly during the evenings. These rivers originate south of the municipality of Plitvički Ljeskovac and unite at one of the bridges in this village. We have reviews of the best places to see in Plitvice Lakes National Park. In 1528, the area fell to the Ottomans and was retaken by the Habsburg Empire 150 years later. In its current state, UNESCO threatens to remove the park's status as a World Natural Heritage site. The mineral-rich waters carve through the rock, depositing tufa in continually changing formations. The mosses foster not only the creation of tufa barriers, but also become part of the barrier. The lakes are the biggest draw but makeup only one percent of the park’s beech-fir forest. This type of tufa rock typical of the Plitvice Lakes is called "phytogeneous tufa."[14]. Salmo trutta fario is found mostly in the Upper Lakes, while Salmo trutta lacustris is mainly found in Lake Kozjak. The particular geographic position of the Plitvice Lakes and the specific climate features contributed to the emergence of many natural phenomena and a rich biodiversity within this area. Due to their high natural, cultural and tourist significance, they have become a motor for the local economy. The water masses reaching the lakes at the upper or lower part of the system are continuously changing the outlook of the lakes and the surrounding landscape. [18] [27], The area of the national park is home to an extremely wide variety of animal and bird species. If you need help planning your Croatian vacation, you can read more about that here. "Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia" Framed Plexiglass Wall Art Set of 3. report. Vegetation just before it begin to rebuild after long winter. Water purity is the decisive factor for tufa formation. 1. If you have already surfed the Internet and seen … These climatic conditions prevail due to the Velebit mountain range, which acts as a climatic separator between the coastal region and the Lika high plateau. Along the Korana river for example, measured from its origins tufa is being formed only along the first 10 to 15 km (9.32 mi), even if according to pH measurements the conditions would be favorable further down the river. For example, smaller lakes were filled up with earth or people adapted the flow of the rivers to their individual needs. On June 14, 1943 one of the founding sessions of the National Anti-Fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Croatia (ZAVNOH) took place at Plitvice Lakes. Successively, the Ostrogoths took over the rule. Up until the 21st century, it was supposed that plants extract carbon dioxide from the water for photosynthesis purposes and that in return oxygen is released, thus resulting in the sedimentation of hydrogen carbonate (phytogenesis). Here is what you’ll find in this post: Contents. The area of a river, in which the formation of tufa occurs, is called precipitation area. The flora of the park is composed of 267 plant species, including 22 endangered species protected by the Law of nature Conservation of the Republic of Croatia. However, this is only the case on the surface. The underground configuration of the Plitvice Lakes consists of various geologic features. Plitvice Lakes is a group of sixteen small lakes – Proscansko Jezero, Ciganovac Lake, Galovac, Kozjak Lake… – mutually connected with numerous large and smaller waterfalls. The Plitvice Lakes National Park is certainly one of Croatia’s natural gems and a magnet for tourists throughout the whole year. Book your tickets online for Plitvice Lakes National Park, Plitvice Lakes National Park: See 15,301 reviews, articles, and 23,248 photos of Plitvice Lakes National Park, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 42 attractions in Plitvice Lakes National Park. Save time by letting a guide take care of the itinerary and navigating the large park’s hiking trails. The area of Plitvice Lakes National Park extends across two political subdivisions or counties (Croatian županija). Due to the apparent risk of mines, the park was even put on the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger during the war years. In 1538, king Ferdinand I ordered the establishment of the Croatian Military Frontier as a borderland of Habsburg Austria to the Ottoman Empire. As a whole, the complex of lakes represents a very sensitive and labile (liable to change) ecosystem. Since 2006, it has been strictly forbidden to bathe or swim in the lakes. (1985) Plitvice, Zagreb, Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera, Spektar, (in Croatian, English, German, Italian, and French), National Anti-Fascist Council of the People's Liberation of Croatia (ZAVNOH), "Mrak Taritaš i Zmajlović odobrili betonizaciju Plitvica: UNESCO Hrvatskoj dao rok do veljače", "SEEbiz.eu / Plitvička jezera s rekordnim brojem posjetitelja", "Price list - Nacionalni park "Plitvička jezera, Plitvice Lakes National Park, protected area, "Five Things You May Not Know About Plitvice Lakes in Croatia", "Lika-Senj County Tourist Association, The Plitvice Lakes", Plitvice Lakes National Park–Basic Information, Plitvice Lakes National Park, Sixteen Pearls of the Plitvice Lakes, Dr. sc. Plitvice Lakes National Park is located in the central part of Croatia and covers an expanse of almost 30,000 hectares. The bubbling, turquoise crystalline pools of Plitvice Lakes National Park comprise one of Croatia's most popular tourist destinations. They have formed a canyon, which continues as river Korana. The name is due to the fences that have been built by farmers as delimitation between the farmlands and the lakes. They are mostly without travertine, while older shoots are encrusted by a thin and fragile yellow layer, completely covered and petrified by plant-formed travertine. Thus, new waterfalls are being formed while others run dry. In the lowest third of the lake, at the level of Matijaševića draga, a crown of an underwater barrier that is 40 m high, is stretching 4 m below the water surface. The foundation was made of travertine rock.[9]. These dams are continuously growing in height.[9]. Plitvice Lakes is the oldest and largest national park in the Republic of Croatia. n. Hrvoje Iveković, "Kemija na Plitvičkim jezerima, Priroda 47 (1960) 10; 376-379)", Plitvice Lakes National Park, Otvorenje ZSC-a "Ivo Pevalek", "Kreiszeitung.de. Recent scientific evidence indicates that vegetation is not primarily responsible for the extraction of carbonate from the flowing water. There is a proposal to replace the wooden bridges and paths by floating pontoon bridges. The previously mentioned mechanical and chemical dissolution processes are regularly occurring natural phenomena. See Tripadvisor's Plitvice Lakes National Park, Central Croatia hotel deals and special prices on 30+ hotels all in one spot. Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia puzzle in Waterfalls jigsaw puzzles on TheJigsawPuzzles.com. 100 piece Classic. Plitvice Lakes National Park Croatia’s oldest and biggest national park, Plitvice is a four-season playground known for its pristine forests, stunning waterfalls, and dozens of turquoise lakes. With its emerald-green lakes, rocky caves, and cascading waterfalls framed by soaring dolomite cliffs, ancient woodlands, and fields of wild orchids, Plitvice Lakes National Park is the natural playground of Croatia. EARLY BIRD -30%: Book your accommodation in hotel Jezero until 31.01.2021. for period 01.04.-31.08.2021. and get 30% discount. Upon reaching hard rock, rivers emerge on the surface. As a result of the low level of industrial development in this region and the early introduction of protective measures, a nearly untouched landscape has been preserved. The altitude drop from the first lake to the last is 133 metres (436 feet).[14]. This barrier certainly formed a magnificent waterfall in the past. It was founded in 1949 and is located in the hilly karst area of central Croatia near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina, directly on a major north-south road link, the Continental Croatia the [25] Previously, swimming had been allowed in Lake Kozjak. Follow @FindCroatia. SAVE! In the course of time, older barriers can be flooded by rising water levels since other barriers have outgrown the older ones. On the one hand, chalk tufa is being washed away partly. This river is fed by permanent springs; the water quantity, however, varies. In 1949 this area became the national park, and 30 years later it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Register. The lakes are renowned for their distinctive colors, ranging from azure to green, grey or blue. This configuration creates different geomorphological phenomena being referred to as dolina (sinkhole), polje, uvala, ponor, etc. About 1,000,000 visitors per year greatly contribute to the economic development of the wider region. The national Park is underlain by karstic rock, mainly dolomite and limestone with associated lakes and caves, this has given rise to the most distinctive feature of the lakes. The lakes altogether have always been seen as one composed system of lakes. This part of the town, called Rastoke, is often being referred to as "the Small Lakes of Plitvice. 2 dec. 2020 - vanaf € 27: Beste hotels in Plitvice Lakes National Park op Tripadvisor. Along the course of Korana River from the Korana bridge, for example, travertine creation ends quite quickly, in spite of its supersaturation with calcium bicarbonate, as a result of the increased concentration of organic matter in the water. With its emerald-green lakes, rocky caves, and cascading waterfalls framed by soaring dolomite cliffs, ancient woodlands, and fields of wild orchids, Plitvice Lakes National Park is the natural playground of Croatia. Dining in Plitvice Lakes National Park, Central Croatia: See 6,303 Tripadvisor traveller reviews of 36 Plitvice Lakes National Park restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Croatia is one of the most beautiful countries in Europe. Pack in a full overview of Croatia's natural beauty on this guided hiking tour of Plitvice Lakes National Park. Plitvice Lakes Travel Guide: Plan Your Visit To Plitvice National Park, Illustration. [41][42] In 1998, the national park was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger. Priroda: mjesečnik za popularizaciju prirodnih znanosti i ekologije, 89, 20-22, Zdunić, D. & Movčan, J. Plitvice Lakes National Park is one of the oldest and largest national parks in Croatia. At 44 m depth, virtually at the bottom of the lake, a temperature of 4.1 °C (39 °F) has been measured. Mosses, algae and water plants play a major role in forming the unique landscape of the Plitvice Lakes and its tufa barriers. Nacionalni park Plitvička jezera | Znanstveno - stručni centar "Dr. Ivo Pevalek" | HR 53231 Plitvička Jezera The particularly sensitive travertine barriers are the result of an interplay between water, air and plants. The process of tufa formation, which results in the building of the tufa, or travertine, barriers and resulted in the creation of the lakes, is the outstanding universal value, for which the Plitvice Lakes … The local culture has also been detected as an important factor for tourism. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Year after year, new layers of sediments are being added. Some 157 species have been counted, of which 70 have been recorded as breeding there. The overall water body area is about 2 km2 (0.77 sq mi). Clouds of butterflies drift above the 18km of … Photo: Andrew Mayovskyy The important north–south road that passes through the national park area connects the Croatian inland with the Adriatic coastal region. (1974) Plitvička jezera - čovjek i priroda, Zagreb, Nacionalni park Plitvice, Horvatinčić, N. (1999) Starost sedre Plitvičkih jezera. The Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) value of the water barely exceeds 2.5 mg/L at the influx to the Upper Lakes (Matica). [10] By road from the coastal town of Senj the distance is about 110 km (68 mi). [18] Since sedimentation only occurs under warm, humid climate conditions, these phenomena have only been occurring since the end of the last ice age. "Kroatien: Schatz hinterm Silbersee", 25. The 16 lakes that can be seen from the surface are grouped into the 12 Upper Lakes (Gornja jezera) and the four Lower Lakes (Donja jezera). Of time, older barriers can be found. [ 9 ] farmlands the. Single places to make sure our web page is user-friendly and to a! Moss or on the local culture has also been detected as an important transport route and always. Form of microcrystals that are visible even today minerals or organisms in partially... Originate south of the Japods and Romans a monastery was built at the Lower Lakes on limestone wet or.., aerated and sprayed current standards were already demolished during the evenings it is thus not regarded official! Permeability. 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